Fencing Guides

Fencing Sport Rula

Fencing Sport Rula

Fencing, known as the "sport of kings," has evolved over centuries to become a popular, sophisticated, and demanding athletic activity. In this article, we will take you through an in-depth guide on the formal Fencing Sport Rula (rules) that regulate this fascinating sport. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced fencer, understanding these rules will help improve your skills and enhance your appreciation for the art of fencing.

The Three Fencing Weapons

Each of the three primary fencing weapons – foil, epee, and sabre – is governed by a unique set of rules. These weapons dictate the target areas, right-of-way rules, and scoring in their respective events.


  • Target Area: Torso (front and back), groin, and neck
  • Right-of-Way: Applies
  • Scoring: Touches must be made with the point of the weapon


  • Target Area: Entire body
  • Right-of-Way: Does not apply
  • Scoring: Touches must be made with the point of the weapon


  • Target Area: Everything above the waist (including the head and arms)
  • Right-of-Way: Applies
  • Scoring: Touches can be made with the point or edge of the weapon

Right-of-Way and Scoring

In foil and sabre, right-of-way is utilized to determine which fencer has the advantage in simultaneous touches. The attacking fencer has right-of-way and will score if they land a touch. If the defender successfully parries the attack, they will gain right-of-way and can score immediately with a responsive attack known as a riposte.

Fencers generally score points by making a touch on their opponent within the designated target area, with the correct weapon-specific technique.

Equipment and Clothing

Fencing athletes must don standardized equipment and clothing to ensure safety and fair play, including:

  • Mask
  • Plastron (underarm protector)
  • Jacket
  • Glove
  • Breeches or knickers
  • Socks or stockings
  • Shoes
  • Chest protector (mandatory for women)

Match Structure

Fencing competitions typically consist of multiple bouts in a round-robin or direct elimination format. Here's the basic structure:

  1. Pools: Fencers are divided into groups and fence every opponent in their pool. Results are used for seeding in direct elimination rounds.
  2. Direct Elimination: Fencers compete in a bracket-style format, with the winner progressing to the next round, and the loser being eliminated.
  3. Medal Rounds: The final four contestants face off in the semi-finals, and the winners proceed to the gold medal match while the losers compete for the bronze medal.

Fencing Sport Rula Example:

During a foil match at your local fencing competition, you begin your first bout by saluting your opponent and the referee. After the referee signals the start of the bout, you swiftly attack your opponent's torso. However, your opponent successfully parries and scores with a swift riposte, gaining a point. You continue to fight for the right-of-way, maintaining focus on the target area and scoring technique while being cautious of the referee's decisions.

Throughout the competition, you face many fencers of varying styles and strategies, allowing for various intensities and experiences. Through adherence to the Fencing Sport Rula, you maintain sportsmanship and respect for your fellow competitors throughout every bout.

Perfecting your understanding of the Fencing Sport Rula is crucial to thrive in this sophisticated sport. As you train and face new challenges, never underestimate the significance of these formal guidelines. Stay connected with the Anchorage Fencing Club blog to learn more and sharpen your knowledge in the world of fencing. Remember to share this article with your fellow fencers and curious friends, as the sport of fencing is an ever-growing and captivating community. Happy fencing!


About Steffen Krueger

Meet Steffen Krueger, a name synonymous with fencing excellence. As an ex-champion and elite fencing trainer for over 15 years, Steffen brings a wealth of knowledge, experience, and passion to Anchorage Fencing. His illustrious career spans a lifetime in fencing, where he has honed his craft alongside the world's best. A trusted authority in the sport, Steffen's insights stem from his hands-on involvement in competitive fencing and years spent cultivating champions. His love for the sport transcends beyond competition, enriching his content with historical context, strategic nuance, and an understanding of the art that only an expert could offer. With Steffen, you're not just learning from a seasoned professional, you're delving into the sport with a fencing maestro.

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